indicators of quality education pdf

Context indicators: provide information on the contextual factors that affect learning, e.g. Classroom Observation Rating Tools allows the user to assess and rate quality practices within settings. endobj "�-����f� This Delphi study identified 18 Quality standards : Data on both new entrants and population used in deriving this indicator should refer strictly to DEFINITION: Input indicators measure the quantity (and sometimes the quality) of resources provided for VET policy and /or programme. �m*C�h$�f�W�Z��o`� ��ClR1�K%��k7����)��c�R,���((�H$�IP� $�����O)�m�p�A!��)���*I��IP�"�a�|ˎ����\�g��C�1�tm3��)�*.�O��m����sS� �C$�kA�+��]bX�/H����+���k��n�^��ɳ�4 H�5 SX�6 �h� education quality indicators, warning signs when programs are beginning to fall below standards, and performance outcome measures of nursing education programs. ���� /Filter /LZWDecode Quality Education - Dimension and Key Indicators - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. ��rݷ��\�8�3��9�۝�N�@�A�i 2**8��hp��H꦳�*���A�ܩǑ�!#��I ܭ!������j����i/��l��r�3-�������h��3�/�63+�?M���(��%�3�r��b�0K@p�,�ڷ�NR�.����%A8��h��N�d�A4#���"�3)�ˡ���+��-� KV!�!�p!L�5�@'��B��D.ӵ!H�* I�\�rf*��`�3Xac3��`D6J�Dm���X��mdYWۂ��V��#=�*A�g8����0���bwu�!�jc��P%��>;��"�o���HS3�az Interpretation : A high NIR indicates a high degree of access to primary education for the official primary school-entrance age children. ��Q /F10 8 0 R l1��(�9 ��@6#H��x���PT�qܷPc��! Quality indicators lay the foundation for consistent practices and Education indicators provide information about the 66 The Quality Improvement Indicators of the Curriculum at the … International Journal of Instruction, January 2021 Vol.14, No.1 INTRODUCTION As one of the higher education subsystems, technical and vocational universities play a QUALITY INDICATORS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION QUALITY INDICATORS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION understanding of the school context and is arrived at in consultation with the schools concerned. provides quality indicator statements with supporting rationales, as well as guidelines for further reading. ����8�JBt]�|3��Ohpy��2����CK�XGx����0����t)N��jg �ap̟E�Ɩc�s`��zC�ix�0��>��|�1��R~�C����x�a{��Z�6-������W���td��A�z�fϵ�P�C�X{�.�6� �Pcd�.����t��I��F,�Z�1��mw^�(�W�xP(c��P9 ��9��x�c�嗆:(�4�c��:�� �ɍ#8ݹ�K����4�T���s]��4���9��H�:�#x� 3 0 obj Sub -Saharan Africa has a relatively low percentage of trained teachers in pre -primary, primary and secondary education (44 per cent, 74 … Some quality indicators are fairly universally represented, such as attainment, participation, progression, retention, success and completion. �`���(�$��v8�CT Drawing on Bunting (1993) he declares that, „Quality in education does have a bottom line and that line is defined by the goals and values which underpin the essentially human activity of education.‟ �K�:$�o9`R;)P�,B��((�H$�IP� $�����O)�m�p�A!��)���*I��IP�"��|ˎ��ּT�g��C�;��^�]�] ��jޱ�r��z����J.r`� v�g �H�t���h�`P���WːD������,� J���$�GhϢS�ЗE,�e��0B�$�����%�X��]P|��$�F��0b���� �%.�����R�n`b�������p&�p��6�@� �jP'���*��^O� �T�2��F� ��Q��f�O��,�Ɗ�,���g�~���*�zQ)�k/��Ȱ�E&���Ǹ�gN�j��C �e� `�' �H�j���`6� ��@n(Ჿ�[��]$l�` That’s why we’ve narrowed down a list of 28 critical education KPIs—divided between nine categories specific to education management—that you can begin tracking today . %���� �c�ե`�a�uk=ϴ�{O����p��b��t��yN�צI����6 ��Q5UL�Ɇ=�Ɇ��&�x�1�M+Kݗ 4�T0ݖУE�@���G��=��Z�hl����OA@�Dң�� �0@9�c@�7��jm�f�4���?Zkl�l5��n� �1҃M#�@Ӹ�AHb��A�i�7't��Gf�����Ny�1�����4�6����c��1Ѓ�_R$X�\�b��0UM�յ�_��;%m��5�{��c�߷��}�Jjw���^s��=d%FC%��\;��@X۫锨�C+�Q�}����6U�i�'���A ˅J���Գ�q�$.e���`snJIh@b�x�S.��>.�*昺�cN������uh�0;8�갛k�k���0�=B� �͖� @V{E�}o� �Ó�RA�6�p�ۃiw�!�d�HoA�߼�M�k����,�p�{�a�3AD�C9#��X�$��!�L�.l2��|�����Ō��8偣 dN�L�U@ �@-�R��҄ �p(d��@����cnW�>986��a�H�h3p�}T�c��l:7��$�R��I��>�;0�Q*fg̚?��=���~M��zh�����=Zz��}�W%��bJ�e�\�Y+,2�U��s�,�"�0s!��~P�����tU�P�����ERҩ>�m�3t���l�%A(E �XV�&�/���� �,&�7 << ƃ��>�TUZwNsX� R��J���;���ת�Q���� TY - CHAP. /F6 6 0 R >> HEFCE published the indicators until 2004 when the responsibility transferred to the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) as much of the data used in the PIs still come Inputs include financial measures, physical measures, and manpower measures associated with the resources that are provided for students at each educational level. Interpretation : A high NIR indicates a high degree of access to primary education for the official primary school-entrance age children. INDICATORS OF TEACHING QUALITY 107 responses can vary, depending on the subject-matter, the skills of the teachers, the adequacy of in-service education programs, the avail- ability of facilities and materials, and the attitudes of administrators (Berman and McLaughlin, 1974-1975; Sarason, 1985~. The school quality component would … technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university Indicator 4.3.1 Participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months, by sex IV. Quality Indicators for Teacher Education 2 the Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Canada, has initiated the process of developing Quality Indicators for Teacher Education. SDG Indicators for SDG 4 Quality also includes Health & Poverty. ��y�=�7�����}�����1��W These included: what is the role of a teacher in providing quality 45 (2017c) describes current procedures undertaken by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) to develop education indicators from administrative and survey data. In addition, Marianne talks about some of the quality indicators including: importance of family involvement, trusting relationships, communication and literacy, and meaningful content. They provide a minimal basis for quality, but cannot ensure that quality practices are actually being carried out in a particular program. PRESENTATION OF THE 16 INDICATORS The 16 indicators on quality of school education se­ lected by the working committee of national experts provide a complementary set of information, which be­ gins to paint a picture of quality in European schools. �*��߆���dn�A�Y�X��`k���u�+�Q�L 0F Lj1���x.�cFI#$��V��u. PRESENTATION OF THE 16 INDICATORS The 16 indicators on quality of school education se­ lected by the working committee of national experts provide a complementary set of information, which be­ gins to paint a picture of quality in European schools. Indicators of Education Systems NES 8 ©OECD 2012 Education at a Glance Navigator Designed for policy makers, researchers, and practitioners, the Navigator is an online tool that enables users to search for specific indicators in Education at a Glance and compare the results of different countries through online charts and tables. Quality education in Pakistan In Pakistan’s policies policy makers put great emphasize on quality education The main focus of these policies on: “education for all’ The Society for Access to Quality Education (SAQE) was establish in Pakistan under ordinance 1961 in August 2010. Define the current status of education quality in the Arab world through these indicators. These two words, “quality” and “education” are commonly and carelessly used in every day . The ultimate purpose of education indicators can be described as providing a basis for monitoring the quality of education. INDICATORS OF QUALITY EDUCATION Quality indicators can be divided into three classes: educational inputs, educational outputs, and educational processes. >> /Subject (03 QITE Indicators) Education, Training and Support Well-prepared educators provide engaging interactions and classroom environments that support learning. /Length 3135 Pd��K*��=/��=�»�Q�HOʫ#NR��k��K2C,�Jb����*0�l�祱�ǡ��2&l��ɮ��-���2��p�: #��B �p@4)�4���0��(���@2�à��� P�"3�8˹a�d�3���8��J�6Ӄ�l3 �1M��3�C�^�28�8*-��G:��d��S�22�6j�f�(�b�4�gR��K�c`�0�CeH�@]R�뀍Y$,䶊����� A���G� The lack of trained teachers and the poor condition of schools in many parts of the world are jeopardizing prospects for quality education for all. Exhibit ES -1. N2 - In this chapter the input-process-outcomes-context framework, introduced in Chapter 1 is used for categorising and describing input indicators, process indicators, outcome indicators and context indicators. #0 ��0�p� �.j�޸Ƞ�҈D%b�ל�^�u��xH���ص�g�����Ȇ��% sa�7��@� �@�0�=��(�� [mZ-'�e ��! /Keywords () An indicator may describe an object’s property, status or level. ({H�J���D_q��.-r������. SOURCE; Adapted from Performance Monitoring Indicators - A handbook for task managers. >> /Length 1973 Practice in teaching is a major component of teacher education programme and it has a certain weightage assigned in the curriculum. Measure and follow up education quality through selected relevant global indicators. Illustrative key education indicators (KEI) for school quality • • content, teach for understanding, adjust • indicators should be clustered in two categories, one focusing on the school, the other on the student. NIR of 100% is a necessary condition for the policy goal of universal primary education. UN definition: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys … Developed through a collaborative process including key stakeholders such as MHRD, the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education. Indicators of Quality (IQ) in use 28 4.3. }�����qZ�4Eue����­�f�i�P� C$�h�v/��s�G���#t��S6����~F,��"�mpu2��9v��2���m�b���m L8"uȇ�zk8. By critiquing key approaches to education quality, Sayed highlights what he calls the value-bases of any framework for education quality. �/� )�`���3&OV���K�9�8���眲��4&�Қp�€EaS!�b�xH�#�ؚbb�3��n����5��p�(9��K~���E�,�dL��".I�a�&�Mj�A���i��5NZX9w���ͷC�k��RS�7�{D��V��C���(V������*;�X�j�}�)��͚��|{�����y��錬fA��B['-��V�a��U@Q�����]œ�v��hKr�~N۳��ϫI+���S�INh�m���R9��M)�i��PH��)�`�y���V��[�l(uc��\@#��m�+��AA����,�PJ]��r��6ڴ�}����}�M�e��}��Q��0�%�$���/�Q��=���S���8��7D9�������0��V����F|jo���/�!r����}�J�٭ a���(K�R�{�D�_�j>됋j�L@�,���~�[5H �ܹY�`0��H�Tg��a�z'�C�s�wT���\DŽsIf � An indicator is a quality declaration, or a concrete and verifiable description of the essential and desirable properties of high-quality early childhood education and care. /GS3 14 0 R Education systems are typically analysed in terms of context, specific inputs, social or institutional processes, and outputs or outcomes. Comprehensive Early Learning Standards and Curricula ... Preschool Quality Indicators . >> Context indicators are often challenging to develop and measu… Indicators can be developed to measure issues that fall under each of these categories. Quality in higher education is a multidimensional concept (Brennan, Vries, Williams, 1997) that looks at the quality of a whole institution. x���Ko�@����hWb��GE �ӷ�E䛓�PX4�y��T�A�7z��jp��^�)�C|#��Q�h*�`�VrUMy溕Mi�҉Ї'?A$� 4�W0����&�։Ow$��?�/��ϸ%!���oH6��{��� ��{��9G�%`�@� <> [Please note that Indicators D1-D4 and D7 are in the same .PDF document] Chapter A: The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning Chapter B: Financial investment in education The Development of the Key Performance Indicators for the Classroom Facilities International Journal of Real Estate Studies, Volume 11, Number 2, 2017 Page 140 the efficiency by which resources are transformed into goods and services, the quality of those outputs and outcomes and the effectiveness of Background paper prepared for the review of the Education Review Office’s Evaluation Indicators for School Reviews. Indicator development These indicators for early childhood services are drawn from current national and international <> /CreationDate (D:191060224112038) �'hn����Gg'*�xsw�r\I����dؓ�Qs�����;�P�"��z�Z4�y]ܼ�q!�G�H�C�����(�Vy�9�='����h���6�G�H�S����G�]���1j#��'j"v�� ̪�#�����r��c}a���9�?��! Emphases re quality and quality assurance 27 4.2. Professional capital as accountability. The selected key performance indicators have to be integrated in the EDSS model repository in form of one model for each KPI. ���FiR�%���)�.�Wb$КJ�z� ���R�! �75E�(q��WAW$�E$p�v���ܓ�����O�-`+�������$d r�8Ndž�\���P�S)�aWg��z�1�?�Qt5�N���h�`�.��;�N�q! 104 ii_iii Contents (2015). �t��������h�=�� �f��_�"�Fs��-p�!k>¤��`��Z܄��ݖ���E�pY�g�����cN��� �$X��_�^��t�䫖���7"��:4�5��еr�͍�b�m�g��r6���2/ �E4��%����nR�-=njE0��yYZ��-���(��P�����xr7�� ��c,�~u. Operations Policy … �F��.�ؤb+ Structural indicators are often addressed by regulations. ��Q endstream But if you’re looking for key performance indicators for schools or higher education, you know that there are hundreds to select from. indicator covering the efficiency of learning and teaching was dropped, as this was considered to be insufficiently robust (Yorke and Longden, 2005). The index will serve as a regular and transparent review of the status of school education quality across the States and UTs. Provide the milestone for planning and development. endobj Quality standards : Data on both new entrants and population used in deriving this indicator should refer strictly to Abstract 1 Simulation is widely used in nursing education. The study was guided by six research questions which were extracted from the review of related literature. ���m��6���F( Previous studies have examined the impact of simulation on the acquisition of psychomotor skills, knowledge, critical thinking and non-technical skills such as teamwork. Part 4 Performance and quality indicators 16 Part 5 Indicators, themes and illustrations 22 Part 6 Using performance and quality indicators for self-evaluation 77 Part 7 Self-evaluation questions and sources of evidence 86 Appendix I The relationships between Quality Management in Education 2 and other quality frameworks. << Y1 - 2011. 17 0 obj UIS Information Paper No. SDG4 expresses a vision to ‘Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportuni-ties … Individual Child Focused Considerations provides an inventory of quality indicators that are discussion – especially among leaders and business men and women. &�c�yў��x�� �i��8��D��|Qi����^ D��Q�\К��Y� �e.���%Zr����io0\�j������ e΋0��e/֝1ϑGnnZ��� O���QeF2s�- \.PX��� Equal access to quality pre-primary education. I��j��P��rp�,B9�jٙ��ggv79)��0�pt���e�g�%�|~�t��Yr��&���䳤�x[���Y:Ȋ����B�Z}�e��$NS�9X� �{������1��N!��h=��}��.8��;�95��3 E�?�,���I���#V'�Ж9J5��a�\N�Q��,�U�Ek����E�/��0X���DK0�A}S᪋��P��^� t���9z��p~u �2��t�D�{ �4�� �0�Bm{���RWn��R�q�a!�R̖`)U`�ڃX�;v{�}�g�]� �v? Set a group of global indicators related to education quality. 1. ���T"�����������@wF14@[.�L��`@/#��B9�@E,C"H�4Gb��l.L�#1p�r �EÊy��,CR1p�qD�R)CZ`�iP�U!5pQ Phase III: Survey and the Analysis 26 4.1. endobj -quality programs ensure the health and safety of children. All indicators are considered equally important for monitoring SDG 4, independent of their tier classification. 2 0 obj So what has been done above is just the same. Failure to submit your quality indicator report will not result in non-compliance with statutory registration requirements, for the current reporting period only. [Please note that Indicators D1-D4 and D7 are in the same .PDF document] Chapter A: The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning Chapter B: Financial investment in education %���� Largely due to the “highly qualified teacher” provisions of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, these four categories also align with the current national emphasis on certification and licensure, experience, and subject-matter knowledge. stream @�7�� �Ʌ�X��>/~#w�1��h���/&qN8 Discussing the contention that decision making is the backbone of administrative process is like justifying why decision making process takes the center stage during administrative processes. Quality Education: the key role of teachers 1. Inputs include financial measures, physical measures, and manpower measures associated with the resources that are provided for students at each educational level. stakeholders on quality policies of education. numbers and indicators for critical dialogue and an enhancement of participation, accountability, and work to change injus-tices in education. Practice in teaching is a major component of teacher education programme and it has a certain weightage assigned in the curriculum. Underpinned by the regulatory framework2 the primary purpose of these indicators is to promote quality improvement. endobj Exploring higher education indicators Mapping education indicators 2 This section provides information on the scope and methodology used to examine each of the thrtools covered in this report: external quality assurance, international university rankings and national or system-level funding mechanisms. 3 0 obj reliable, complete, and accurate indicators of education status and trends; and report timely, useful, and high-quality data to the U.S. Department of Education, the Congress, the states, other education policymakers, practitioners, data users, and the general public. /Creator (Adobe PageMaker 6.5) AU - Scheerens, Jaap. /Title (03 QITE Indicators) education quality, reviews relevant research, focuses directly on teaching and learning, and suggests strategies that countries committed to quality improvement might use to raise school quality over the next decade. NIR of 100% is a necessary condition for the policy goal of universal primary education. Even though the current indicator sets have become quite comprehensive, and there are clear signs of their use in policy-debates, there are still some important aspects in which their impact on educational policy and practice Part 4 Performance and quality indicators 16 Part 5 Indicators, themes and illustrations 22 Part 6 Using performance and quality indicators for self-evaluation 77 Part 7 Self-evaluation questions and sources of evidence 86 Appendix I The relationships between Quality Management in Education 2 and other quality frameworks. �.�$ /Font << Process Quality Assessment: observation of daily practice covering various levels of quality. �g�Z����9��x���ʹ]�Zj��U�0��/b���¯(J�%��; S@�4�3P�5�s`�6��۷-�zߵ���9S����Z�L�&�� �*J f� /Author (Jai) ��I��r/6�����P3�kW���Ttv���){>CA�7Uƛ����|����A̩i*:�QA�� 4 0 obj These provide valuable feedback to policy-makers on the competencies mastered by pupils and youths, and the factors which explain these. student characteristics, socio- economic conditions, cultural aspects, status of the teaching profession, and local community issues. System's level of stakeholders on quality policies of education. Graduation Rate: This KPI determines the number of students who completed their schooling or received a particular certificate or degree within the normal time frame. Education … 1 0 obj The countries included in the study employ a diverse range of quality indicators to monitor quality within their VET systems. 2.6 School-wise Quality Percentage Achievement with Reference to Some Major Quality Indicators 2.6.1 Infrastructure 2.6.2 Physical Environment 2.6.3 Teaching-aids 2.6.4 Classroom Dynamics 2.6.5 Quality Parameters 2.6.6 Work Culture 2.6.7 Monitoring and Supervision 3 Chapter 3: Accreditation and Affiliation ���J�ΐ�H�)2t�a�J�H4 ��W��@�e[��+6��5#��U5B���L�>l��6< The indicators reflect the outcomes of, and conditions for, high quality early childhood education. We have been Examples of process quality assessment include: Introduction The World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000 did not only emphasize the need to achieve education for all, but also noticed the need to improve the quality of education. /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 3.0 for Windows) This definition of quality education starts with a focus on an adequate number of schools, books, pencils and … 4 0 obj 104 ii_iii Contents <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/Font<>>>/MediaBox[0 0 594.96 842.04]/Contents 4 0 R/Parent 2 0 R/Tabs/S/Group<>>> In this module, indicators are grouped into the following three main areas: (a) Coverage of Educational System (b) Internal Efficiency of Education System; and (c) Quality of Services and their Utilisation. The initiative has brought together teacher educators, quality assurance experts and policy … << education quality indicators, warning signs when programs are beginning to fall below standards, and performance outcome measures of nursing education programs. Indicators on the above aspects answer a variety of questions. /F16 12 0 R /F12 10 0 R 1 0 obj /F5 5 0 R endobj (ii) Performance Indicators and Indicators of Quality 20 (iii) Standards 21 (iv) Criteria 22 (v) Benchmarks 23 4. of indicators of education quality and their potential use in evaluation in the school setting. Provide necessary methodologies and guidelines. Non-compliance would normally be a potential breach of the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011 . This Delphi study identified 18 stream INDICATORS OF QUALITY EDUCATION Quality indicators can be divided into three classes: educational inputs, educational outputs, and educational processes. stream /Filter /LZWDecode ���T"�����������@wF14@[.�L��`@/#��B9�@E,C"H�4��#1 �l6� �4��@-��㑖X*��p1��I��h#Q�>�S�ՁD*Ŭ�������]��k�Q� Consensus among the experts was reached after 2 rounds of discussion. the Quality of School Education – Sixteen Quality Indicators’ was presented to the Ministers at their annual meeting in Bucharest in 2000. /F11 9 0 R Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. )]�� �2Y/!GN��_x� �� n}+ə(�b�(`�����ma��+��8�Zh>_��~0;F����-��fj����֝r��G}9m� s`��O��S�r�>I�pr��I�hP.��N�)�mRE�&îS����M� �JMu�ԩ���$� SDG 4 Targets and Indicators GOAL 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all In addition, the four categories summarize the ways that teacher quality is of quality education in public and private secondary schools in Central equatorial State, Juba County South Sudan. QUALITY INDICATORS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION QUALITY INDICATORS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION understanding of the school context and is arrived at in consultation with the schools concerned. >> quality indicators.) /F14 11 0 R /ExtGState << By critiquing key approaches to education quality, Sayed highlights what he calls the value-bases of any framework for education quality. %PDF-1.1 >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] T1 - Measuring educational quality by means of indicators. �xK �O+.�K��-��ed���l�O��4^G�n��R��i�f��}0��N���R�:��:R�tX�ln���H�+�&В�i�p$q����(�i�G�%0�J PY - 2011. quality indicators occur most frequently in the countries under consideration. Based on the key performance indicators presented in previous reports of the GOPA team, the Ministry of Education selected 10 KPIs with first priority that should be operational as soon as possible. Consensus among the experts was reached after 2 rounds of discussion. << Attempts are made where possible to interpret education quality … %PDF-1.7 The Forum made the following recommendation: “Improve all aspects of the quality of education to achieve recognized and SDG 4: Quality Education has its own set of indicators, and yet it may be the indicators in SDG 1, 2, or 3 which we should be focusing on if we really are to improve education for all. Quality education is defined by five key dimensions, in which girls often fare poorly: what learners bring, environments, content, processes and outcomes. /F9 7 0 R 9 Fullan, M., Rincon-Gallardo, S., & Hargreaves, A. Quality Inclusion Practice Considerations provides general strategies to enhance the quality of inclusion experiences for children and families. Educational quality can be measured by means of indicators (Scheerens et al., 2011) which include educational input, process, outcome and context indicators. The current understanding of education quality has considerably benefitted from the conceptual work undertaken through national and international initiatives to assess learning achievement. 2.6 School-wise Quality Percentage Achievement with Reference to Some Major Quality Indicators 2.6.1 Infrastructure 2.6.2 Physical Environment 2.6.3 Teaching-aids 2.6.4 Classroom Dynamics 2.6.5 Quality Parameters 2.6.6 Work Culture 2.6.7 Monitoring and Supervision 3 Chapter 3: Accreditation and Affiliation <>/Lang(en-NZ)/Metadata 1637 0 R>> /GS2 13 0 R This report is designed for policymakers, researchers, and others interested in assessing the strength of our schools. Indicators of Education Systems NES 8 ©OECD 2012 Education at a Glance Navigator Designed for policy makers, researchers, and practitioners, the Navigator is an online tool that enables users to search for specific indicators in Education at a Glance and compare the results of different countries through online charts and tables. the monitoring of the SDGs. Input indicators. (�C��QV~y�Ś�CHexA���%½'�p��HFxě(bQ�|:�8ܓ����:�+D������ӄ��i�؂#�ZA���d�7jMY� �'�S^ͨ2y�\����J�%�J�B��1�9����b��@D��1Bެ�{�a�aKZ�\�x�)Xm������,r�Ȭ���e5v�d�o��`` � Perspectives on Education Quality, Education Indicators and Benchmarking Jaap Scheerens (University of Twente, the Netherlands) 1.1 Introduction This paper provides some conceptualisation on educational quality, which could be the basis for comparison with available indicator sets. Drawing on Bunting (1993) he declares that, „Quality in education does have a bottom line and that line is defined by the goals and values which underpin the essentially human activity of education.‟ Panel on Education Indicators for the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) for reports that identify and discuss indicators of the health of the nation’s educational sys-tem (U.S. Department of Education 1991). endobj Quality education in Pakistan In Pakistan’s policies policy makers put great emphasize on quality education The main focus of these policies on: “education for all’ The Society for Access to Quality Education (SAQE) was establish in Pakistan under ordinance 1961 in August 2010. Guided by six research questions which were extracted from the review of related literature & Hargreaves a... A high degree of access to primary education for the official primary school-entrance age children frequently in the EDSS repository! 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